We want to compare the current branch and another branch to find the changes since they diverged.
For example, we create a new branch dev from branch master and add a few commits, the branch master also update after diverging.
The common ancestor is in the following part.
The following image shows the recent commit history, contains commits
Add fun1 and
Change fun1, on the dev branch.
As the description of the above git workflow image, I just changed the interface func1.
The content of commit
Add fun2 on the master branch is just like
If we use git to diff the content of the dev branch with master branch, it will give us the following result.
It indicates the difference between the last status on the dev branch and master branch’s.
If we don’t know the change on the master branch after dev branch diverges from it, the result will seem misleading.
In most cases, we just want to know the difference between the last commit on the dev branch and common ancestor of both branches. How to do it in the above situation?
The solution is not complex, we just need to find the common ancestor between both branches, and compare the last content on the dev branch and the ancestor.
$ git merge-base dev master d313ed49d4981f11b52109d83a80c1edd5eb8733 $ git diff d313ed49d4981f11b52109d83a80c1edd5eb8733
Git provides a shorthand for doing the same thing: the triple-dot syntax.
We can put three periods after the other branch to do diff between the last commit of the branch where you are on and the common ancestor with the other branch.
$ git diff master...dev
We can get the same result by the syntax.