We often use TCP and UDP connections in Internet communication.
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) is connection-oriented, it tracks all data sent. By contrast, UDP (User Datagram Protocol) doesn’t care about datagrams it sent, all information is no sequencing. In other words, UDP is unreliable.
Both socket technologies can be used by the shell tool I described in this article.
The netstat utility can build TCP connection by default or send UDP packets with parameter -u.
Listen for UDP port 5009: nc -u -l 5009
Connect to UDP port: nc -u localhost 5009
The following video shows a simple example TCP connection created by netstat.



We can read the command’s introduction by man nc on shell.

NC(1) BSD General Commands Manual NC(1)

NAME
     nc -- arbitrary TCP and UDP connections and listens

SYNOPSIS
     nc [-46AcDCdhklnrtUuvz] [-b boundif] [-i interval] [-p source_port]
        [-s source_ip_address] [-w timeout] [-X proxy_protocol] [-x
        proxy_address[:port]] [--apple-delegate-pid pid] [--apple-delegate-uuid uuid]
        [--apple-ext-bk-idle] [--apple-nowakefromsleep] [--apple-ecn mode] [hostname]
        [port[s]]

DESCRIPTION
     The nc (or netcat) utility is used for just about anything under the sun involving
     TCP or UDP. It can open TCP connections, send UDP packets, listen on arbitrary
     TCP and UDP ports, do port scanning, and deal with both IPv4 and IPv6. Unlike
     telnet(1), nc scripts nicely, and separates error messages onto standard error
     instead of sending them to standard output, as telnet(1) does with some.

 

Categories: Shell

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