You are always the focus of the lens




Beginners will choose a set of cameras for the first time.

The shopping guide will say: a zoom lens and a mirror go to the world,

Suitable for use in different occasions, basically meet daily needs.



Usually, if you want to have a large aperture with a zoom lens, you have to pay a very expensive price, and you can easily buy a large aperture lens with “roast goose flavor” with the “cabbage price”.

The larger the aperture, the more light collected than the zoom lens with a small aperture, which can easily create a shallow depth of field effect, and you can take the desired photo at night or in a low-light indoor environment without adjusting the sensitivity (ISO). Coupled with the pure construction of the fixed focus lens, the quality is often higher than the zoom lens, and the price is appropriate, and the quality and price can not be loved.


Next, let’s introduce the three most common focal lengths of fixed focus lenses: 35mm, 50mm, and 85mm.

35mm定焦镜头――EF 35mm f/1.4L USM


35mm is the famous humanistic wide angle, but also suitable for scenery and group portraits, and even portraits are suitable for use. It allows photographers enough space to compose on the street, and it can shoot a wide range of people and most of the surrounding environment. In addition, it has a sense of perspective with a micro-wide angle, which is favored by many people who are street photographers or photojournalism.

50mm定焦镜头――AF-S NIKKOR 50mm f/1.8G


A 50mm prime lens should be the easiest lens for novices to pick up. What you see with 50mm through the viewing window is equivalent to what you are currently seeing with the naked eye, and when you need to quickly compose a picture, you can fantasize about the picture you need in your mind.

85mm定焦镜头――85mm F1.4 EX DG HSM


85mm Because this focal length distortion is small and the sense of compression is small, it is easy to create a shallow depth of field. Due to physical limitations, lenses with longer focal lengths are difficult to produce a large aperture, but the 85mm can easily have a large aperture such as f/1.4 and f/1.2. And this focal length is very suitable for shooting bust photos.



The above is only the more versatile three focal length lenses, in fact, there are still many different focal lengths to choose from, such as 24mm, 100mm, 135mm, etc., so the world of fixed focus lenses is still diverse, any choice. I hope that you can find out your favorite lenses through the experience you have accumulated in the future.

In addition to the fixed focus lens, I believe that many photography friends have one or two zoom lenses. Because usually the set of camera zoom lenses are standard zoom, it is not enough to control some spectacular wind lighting. Whether it is wide-angle zoom or telephoto fixed focus, it is actually a very interesting lens, because the production of these types of lenses is very difficult, so it is also the technical embodiment of various manufacturers.

超广角镜头的选择――EF 8-15mm f/4L Fisheye USM


Because the wide-angle zoom is relatively rarely used, some tips will be introduced:



(1) Everything is simple

When beginners shoot scenery, they want to photograph everything at that time, even if they don’t let go of every flower and grass, so they usually want to be “big and complete”. The same is true of places where wide-angle lenses are difficult to control, often in the photo will shoot something unwanted, these unnecessary elements can easily affect the look and feel. In fact, shooting scenery should also be simple, do not need to stack too many foreground, mid-view, rear scene, and this effectively guide the audience’s visual focus, rather than being disturbed line of sight.



(2) Try unusual angles

Try to photograph things from different angles and let yourself learn to see things from different angles. For example, if you press the camera close to the ground and then shoot the subject close to the ground at a horizontal angle, you will usually get a fresh picture. You can also try to shoot things upwards, preserving more sky and white space, so that the picture creates more sense of space, but also does not feel cramped.



(3) Pay attention to the size relationship of the object

Using a wide-angle lens, there will be a “near large and far small” effect, that is, it will exaggerate the objects near the lens and make the distant objects smaller. When shooting, you can pay attention to the things around you, which can be used as a foreground to set off the subject you are shooting, and sometimes you can get some interesting effects, such as the size of the object and the normal time, etc.

长焦定焦――AF-S NIKKOR 300mm f/4E PF ED VR


Usually novices will feel that telephoto lenses are not very useful, so they ignore them. In fact, telephoto lenses can often help you take photos of special situations, such as sports photography and field photography. When the subject is at a longer distance, the telephoto lens exerts its powerful function.


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